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Saints Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael - Archangels (September 29)

Holy Scripture speaks of angels as ministers of God in human affairs.  As ministers from God, they appear frequently in Scripture, but only these three are named.
Michael appears in Daniel's vision as "the great prince" who defends Israel against its enemies; in the Book of Revelation, Michael leads God's armies to final victory over the forces of evil. Devotion to Michael is the oldest angelic devotion, rising in the East in the fourth century. The Church in the West began to observe a feast honoring Michael and the angels in the fifth century. (The name Michael means "Who is like God?", and led the good angels in the battle fought in heaven against satan and his followers).

Gabriel also makes an appearance in Daniel's visions, announcing Michael's role in God's plan. His best-known appearance is an encounter with a young Jewish girl named Mary, who consents to bear the Messiah. (The name Gabriel means "man of God" or "God has shown Himself mighty).


Raphael is one of seven Archangels who stand before the throne of God. His activity is confined to the Old Testament story of Tobit. There he appears to guide Tobit's son Tobiah through a series of fantastic adventures which lead to a threefold happy endings: Tobiah's marriage to Sarah, the healing of Tobit's blindness, and the restoration of the family fortune.  (Raphael's name means "God heals").